Before the arrival of the refrigerator, the only methods to keep food cool were snow, ice, and drying. The invention of the refrigerator is the result of a series of studies and experiments over the years. The first manufactured refrigeration machine was patented in 1748 by William Cullen, while in 1805 Oliver Evans designed the first refrigerator based on steam instead of liquid. In 1834 thanks to the realization, by Jacob Perkins, that the first refrigerator with system compression came to light. It was not until 1917 that the refrigerator arrived on the domestic market and by the year 1944 85% of American households owned a refrigerator.
“They provide unmistakably vintage designs whose classic, sinuous lines and vibrant colors merge flawlessly with cutting-edge technology and design standards.”
These units featured freezer compartments located within and accessed by opening the refrigerator door, and then the smaller internal freezer door; units featuring an entirely separate freezer compartment were launched in the early 1960s, becoming the production standard by the middle of that decade. In the early 1950s, the butter conditioner’s patent was filed and issued by the inventor Nave Alfred E. This feature was supposed to “provide a new and improved food storage receptacle for storing butter or the like which may quickly and easily be removed from the refrigerator cabinet for the purpose of cleaning.”
In the early 1950s most refrigerators were white, but from the mid-1950s through present time designers and manufacturers started featuring color onto refrigerators. The 1950s refrigerator is a design object that lives by its own light, it has sinuous form, that is round and comforting carries on as a symbol of the economic boom produced at the time. But more than anything the 1950s were a sensational time for color exploration. The predominant element that arose in the 1950s was the introduction of colors such as green, sunshine yellow, pink, and robin’s egg blue. Pastels and deep hues alike were popular, punctuated by the much more subtle, relaxed color of Scandinavian Style.
Kitchens of the 1950s became the focal point in the house. Today Smeg FAB28 introduced a retro mood, which in recent years has sparked an entire line of stylish appliances, born in the 1990s. They provide unmistakably vintage designs whose classic, sinuous lines and vibrant colors merge flawlessly with cutting-edge technology and design standards. This vintage product line, developed by Smeg’s internal design studio, has fashioned our way of thinking when it comes to how we design appliances. “Bland, mass-produced free-standing items have been given the elbow in favor of real icons of style.”
Some interesting reading on the history of the ever-present fridge can be found at this interesting article
on the history of their visual design, and this article
on the history of kitchen appliance color.